Guinea Pig Care Tips

Are you looking for a pet that is small, super cute, and easy to care for? A Guinea pig may be the perfect choice for you! These little guys are absolutely adorable, and really do make fun pets. A Columbia, MD vet discusses caring for Guinea pigs—or cavies, as they are also known—in this article.

Get More Than One

Guinea pigs are very sociable, and get quite sad and lonely if they are isolated. In fact, in Switzerland, it’s illegal to only have one! We recommend getting at least two. Just be sure they are all the same sex.


Your pint-sized pals can have commercial food for their main meals. You’ll want to supplement this with fresh grass hay, such as Timothy hay, as well as safe fruits and veggies. Do plenty of research, because not all produce is safe for cavies. There are also some things which should only be fed occasionally. Make sure your pets’ diet contains lots of Vitamin C, which is crucial for Guinea pigs. Ask your vet for specific advice, including serving sizes, safe foods, and, of course, treats.

Offer A Comfy Cage

Your little buddies will need a comfy cage. We recommend getting one that is at least ten square feet for two cavies. You may want to get a multi-story cage. This will give your pets more floor space without eating up as much of yours. You’ll need to add some hidey-holes, dishes, and a water bottle. Guinea pigs also like cozies, which are basically tiny tents. You can also include a litterbox or hay rack if you like. For substrate, you can use fleece blankets or paper products. Avoid substrates made from pine or cedar, as these aren’t safe for small pets.

Provide Fun Toys

Guinea pigs are very playful, so they need plenty of fun toys to entertain themselves with. Because they have open-rooted teeth, they also need chew toys to nibble on. You can make many of your furry pals’ toys. You can make all sorts of playthings out of cardboard, wood, wicker, or even plain paper. Look online for ideas. Just avoid anything with sharp edges, small parts, or ropes or threads. Items coated in varnish, stain, or dye are also unsafe.

Do you have questions about Guinea pig care? Contact us, your Columbia, MD vet clinic, anytime. We’re here to help!

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